Many who pursue a higher education in engineering then go on to lead careers in civil engineering, which involves the creation and maintenance of civilian structures. This is done both in the public and private sectors.
Officially known as the Italian Republic, the country is found in southern Europe. The official language is Italian and the cultural rich capital is Rome. Many of the world's oldest universities are located in Italy, in particular the University of Bologna (founded in 1088). There are three Superior Graduate Schools with "university status", three institutes with the status of Doctoral Colleges, which function at graduate and post-graduate level.
The Ph.D. course prepares culture-oriented and high scientific profile researchers to engineering applications, and enable them to develop knowledge, new methods of inves
The Ph.D. course prepares culture-oriented and high scientific profile researchers to engineering applications, and enable them to develop knowledge, new methods of investigation, design and research activity in public or private bodies, along with managerial competencies. The available curricula are Architecture and Civil-Environmental Engineering.
Activities are oriented to advanced design, theoretical analysis, soft-computing, and experimentation. The first year includes courses or lectures on basic science subjects and organizational aspects of research, according to the weaknesses of the individual initial preparation and the selected research themes. An analysis of the state of the art will be also carried out, and the main theme of study will be identified. The second and third year will be devoted to the individual themes, and a stay in a research body of international relevance will be proposed. Common features are a multidisciplinary theoretical-experimental approach and interaction with the territory, the industrial and professional world....